Andrew Philip Kehoe

b2ux

Banned
Andrew Philip Kehoe



A.K.A.: "The Bath School murderer"

Classification: Mass murderer
Characteristics: The bombings comprised the deadliest act of mass murder in a school in U.S. history
Number of victims: 44
Date of murder: May 18, 1927
Date of birth: February 1, 1872
Victims profile: 3 men, 3 women (including his wife) and 38 children
Method of murder: Bombings (dynamite and hundreds of pounds of pyrotol)
Location: Bath Township, Michigan, USA
Status: Commited suicide the same day (killed in the explosions)




The first mad bomber in U.S. soil, on May 18, 1927, Andy blew up a school in Bath, Michigan, killing 45 people, 37 of them children.

After detonating explosives he planted under the school, "maniac bomber" Andrew Kehoe, a school board member and treasurer and farmer, blew up his pickup truck, killing himself and the Bath School superintendent.

"I don't remember hearing any noise, but I remember flying in the air and seeing things fly between me and the sun," remembers AdaBelle McGonigal, then 11 and in the fifth grade. "But I don't ever remember falling."

AdaBelle's ear was nearly torn off in the blast that killed 38 of her classmates. Seven adults also died that day.

"Criminals are Made, Not Born.''

Kehoe painted this on a fence at his farm

Injured: 43+

Andrew Kehoe, a farmer who served as treasurer of the local school board, was furious with new taxes levied to pay for the then 5-year-old school. Kehoe was described by those who knew him as "a surly and disliked character." He openly opposed the creation of the consolidated school in 1924, believing it would create a heavy tax burden.

For much of the spring in 1927, Kehoe strung wires and hid dynamite in the basement of the 250-student school about 10 miles northeast of Lansing. He was sble to do this because school administrators thought Kehoe, known for his penny-pinching ways, was doing odd jobs to save the school the expense of hiring an electrician. Obviously that thought would return to haunt them.

Kehoe, not the most together person in the world, was pushed over the edge when the mortgage on his farm was foreclosed. It seems that by wiring up the school he was punishing Bath's citizens. In particular the one's that had voted for the new tax, a tax that he believed had left him with not enough money to keep paying the mortgage of his farm.

So, A few minutes before 9:45 on May 18, 1927, apparently a sunny May morning, Kehoe entered the school. Most students were inside, finishing up exams the day before school was to recess for the summer. It would seem he set a timing device for his 'gift' to the townsfolk of Bath.

When Kehoe left, he was almost running. Two minutes after he drove away, the north wing of the school exploded. A malfunction kept more than 500 pounds of dynamite in the rest of the school from detonating, but what did go off tore through glass, wood and bricks, leveling the south wing. One can only imagine what would have happened if the whole lot had blown. If only he had double checked all his wiring.

As parents and residents rushed toward the blast, Kehoe drove back into the school yard. He motioned school Superintendent Emory Huyck, a man he despised more than any other, over to his car, spoke to him briefly, then aimed a shot from his gun into the back seat, setting off more dynamite.

By the time the roar from the two explosions faded, 38 children, the town's postmaster, a retired farmer, the superintendent, two teachers and Kehoe himself were dead.

The next morning, the body of Kehoe's wife was found at his farm. He had apparently killed her the morning of the blast. His house and six outbuildings on his farm had burned, set afire by explosions he'd programmed to go off after he left for the school.

Today, a granite stone with the engraved names of the victims rests next to a green plaque that tells the story of the explosion. The park with the markers is on the site of the old school. Also in this park is the cupola that once sat atop the Bath Consolidated School, its red roof topped with a small spire.

Across the street are the schools built since the blast. Newspaper accounts of the explosion are displayed near the middle school auditorium.

Bath School survivor: You never forget

April 22, 1999

DETROIT, April 22 (UPI) In the wake of the Colorado killings, an elderly survivor of the worst school massacre on U.S. soil is speaking publicly about her experience for the first time.

In an interview with UPI today, 85-year-old M. Josephine Vail described painful memories of the 1927 explosion that killed 45 people _ 38 children and seven adults at the Bath School in Bath, Mich., about 100 miles west of Detroit. Vail says she vividly remembers "the loud explosion and kids hollering . . . You never forget."

Vail was 13 years old when a local farmer with a grudge used dynamite to blow up the two-story building. She was injured and her 7-year-old brother, Ralph, was killed.

Vail survived because she was outside the building. Her leg was hit by shrapnel when the bomber, Andrew Kehoe, detonated his dynamite-packed pickup truck minutes after the school exploded. The truck blast killed Kehoe and two other men who were trying to stop him.

Before destroying the school, Kehoe killed his wife and burned their farmhouse.

Vail remembers Kehoe as a former school board treasurer who was "real friendly" and often greeted children outside the school.

But Kehoe clashed with the school superintendent and other board members. And he was angry about the taxes on his farm that helped pay for the school, built just four years before the blast.

Vail says her father was among those who rushed to the bloody scene to retrieve bodies, help the 58 injured and remove "bushels of dynamite" that did not detonate. She says body parts were scattered around the site.

That day Vail says she was excused from classes. But she had accompanied her little brother to the building "so he wouldn't be lonely." She did not go inside because he was afraid of being teased.

Like other local survivors, Vail says the memories have been too painful to discuss publicly. But this week's deaths at a Colorado high school moved her to speak.

Springtime is especially difficult. The Bath School exploded on May 18, and she says "it always bothers me this time of year."

When asked what comfort she could offer to the victims' families in Colorado, Vail said "You gotta just have faith, you gotta be strong and go on, and take care of other people."

She says survivors of the Columbine school rampage "will never forget it in their lifetime, but they just gotta go on."

A memorial plaque now stands at the explosion site. Vail says, "I don't like to go down there."

The Bath School disaster was a series of bombings in Bath Township, Michigan, USA, on May 18, 1927, which killed 45 people and injured 58. Most of the victims were children in second to sixth grades attending the Bath Consolidated School. The bombings comprised the deadliest act of mass murder in a school in U.S. history, claiming more than three times as many victims as the Columbine High School massacre.

The perpetrator was school board member Andrew Kehoe, who was upset by a property tax that had been levied to fund the construction of the school building. He blamed the additional tax for financial hardships which led to foreclosure proceedings against his farm. These events apparently provoked Kehoe to plan his attack.

On the morning of May 18, Kehoe first killed his wife and then set his farm buildings on fire. As fire fighters arrived at the farm, an explosion rocked the north wing of the school building, killing many of the people inside. Kehoe used a detonator to ignite dynamite and hundreds of pounds of pyrotol which he had secretly planted inside the school over the course of many months.

As rescuers started gathering at the school, Kehoe drove up, stopped, and detonated a bomb inside his shrapnel-filled vehicle, killing himself and the school superintendent and killing and injuring several others. During the rescue efforts, searchers discovered an additional 500 pounds (230 kg) of unexploded dynamite and pyrotol planted throughout the basement of the school's south wing.

Background

Bath Township

Bath Township is a small community located ten miles northeast of Lansing, Michigan, and contains the unincorporated village of Bath. In the early 1920s, the area was primarily agricultural. In 1922 Bath voters voted to form a district for the purpose of funding and constructing a consolidated school. There were 236 students enrolled when the school opened, ranging from the first to twelfth grades.

The early part of the 20th century saw the disappearance of many small one-room schools, where different grades shared the same classroom and teacher. Educators of the era believed that children would receive a better and more complete education if students could attend a single school at one location. The grades could be age-divided into classes, and the facilities could be of a higher quality. After years of debate, when Bath Township created the district, it raised property taxes to pay for the project. As a result, new taxes were imposed on landowners, including Andrew Kehoe.

Andrew Kehoe

Andrew Kehoe was born in Tecumseh, Michigan, on February 1, 1872, in a family of thirteen children. Kehoe's mother died when he was young, and his father remarried. Reportedly, Kehoe often fought with his stepmother. When Kehoe was fourteen, the family's stove exploded as she was attempting to light it. The oil fueling the stove soaked her, and the flames set her on fire. Andrew watched his stepmother burn for a few minutes before dumping a bucket of water on her. She later died from the injuries. The stove malfunction was left unresolved, and Kehoe was not charged.

Kehoe attended Tecumseh High School and Michigan State College (later Michigan State University), where he met his wife, Ellen "Nellie" Price, daughter of a wealthy Lansing family. Married in 1912, they moved around until 1919, when the couple bought a 185-acre (75-hectare) farm outside the village of Bath from Nellie's aunt for $12,000, paying $6,000 in cash and taking out a $6,000 mortgage.

Kehoe was regarded by his neighbors as an intelligent man who grew impatient with those who disagreed with him. Neighbors recalled that Kehoe was always neat, dressed meticulously, and was known to change his shirt at midday or whenever it became even slightly dirty. Neighbors also recounted how Kehoe was cruel to his farm animals, having once beaten a horse to death.

Kehoe's neighbors were not impressed by the level of his farming ability. As neighbor M.J. "Monty" Ellsworth wrote, "He never farmed it as other farmers do and he tried to do everything with his tractor. He was in the height of his glory when fixing machinery or tinkering. He was always trying new methods in his work, for instance, hitching two mowers behind his tractor. This method at different times did not work and he would just leave the hay standing. He also put four sections of drag and two rollers at once behind his tractor. He spent so much time tinkering that he didn't prosper."

With a reputation for thriftiness, Kehoe was elected treasurer of the Bath Consolidated School board in 1924. While on the board, Kehoe fought endlessly for lower taxes. He blamed the previous property tax levy for his family's poor financial condition, and repeatedly accused superintendent Emory Huyck of financial mismanagement.

While on the school board, Kehoe was appointed the Bath Township Clerk in 1925, but was unsuccessful at retaining this position in the election later that year. During this time Nellie Kehoe was chronically ill with tuberculosis, and her frequent hospital stays may have played a role in putting the family into debt. At the time of the bombing, Kehoe had ceased making mortgage and homeowner's insurance payments, and the mortgage lender had begun foreclosure proceedings against the farm.

Purchase and planting of explosives

There is no clear indication as to when Kehoe conceived and planned the steps leading to the ultimate events. A subsequent investigation concluded that, based upon the activity at the school and the purchases of explosives, his plan had likely been underway for at least a year.

In the winter of 1926, the board asked Kehoe to perform maintenance inside the school building. Regarded by most as a talented handyman, he was known to be familiar with electrical equipment. As a board member appointed to conduct repairs, he had free access to the building and his presence was never questioned.

Beginning in the summer of 1926, Kehoe purchased over a ton of pyrotol, an incendiary introduced in World War I. Farmers during the era used the substance for excavation. In November 1926, Kehoe drove to Lansing and purchased two boxes of dynamite at a sporting goods store.

Dynamite was also commonly used on farms, and Kehoe's purchase of small amounts of dynamite and pyrotol at different stores and on different dates did not raise any suspicions. Neighbors reported hearing explosions set off on the farm, as well as recalling conversations where Kehoe explained he was using dynamite for tree stump removal.

The day of the disaster

There were a few warning signs prior to the events. Kehoe passed out employee paychecks the prior week and told bus driver Warden Keyes, "My boy, you want to take good care of that check as it is probably the last check you will ever get." Teacher Bernice Sterling telephoned Kehoe two days before the blast and asked to use his grove for a class picnic. Kehoe told her that if she "wanted a picnic she would better have it at once."

Prior to May 18, Kehoe had loaded the back seat of his car with metal debris. He threw in old tools, nails, pieces of rusted farm machinery, digging shovels, and anything else capable of producing shrapnel during an explosion. After the back seat was filled, Kehoe placed a large cache of dynamite behind the front seat and a loaded rifle on the passenger's seat.

Records at Lansing's St. Lawrence Hospital reflected that Nellie Kehoe had been discharged on May 16. Between her release and the bombing two days later, Kehoe killed Nellie by what was later determined to be blunt force trauma to the head with some unknown heavy object. Her body was found in a wheelbarrow located in the rear of the farm's chicken coop.

Piled around the cart were silverware, jewels and a metal cash box. Ashes of several bank notes could be seen through a slit in the cash box. Kehoe had completely wired the farm, and inside every building he inserted homemade pyrotol firebombs. Farm animals were found tied up in their enclosures, apparently to ensure their deaths in the subsequent fire.

At approximately 8:45 a.m., Kehoe detonated the firebombs. The neighbors noticed the fire, and volunteer fire departments from all over the area began rushing to the scene. At 9:45 a.m. an explosion was heard from the school building. Rescuers heading to the scene of the Kehoe fire turned back and headed toward the school. Parents within the rural community also began rushing to the school.

First-grade teacher Bernice Sterling recounted the explosion to an Associated Press reporter as being like a terrible earthquake. "It seemed as though the floor went up several feet", she said. "After the first shock I thought for a moment I was blind. When it came the air seemed to be full of children and flying desks and books. Children were tossed high in the air; some were catapulted out of the building."

The north wing of the school had collapsed. Parts of the walls had crumbled, and the edge of the roof had fallen to the ground. Monty Ellsworth, a neighbor of the Kehoes recounted, "There was a pile of children of about five or six under the roof and some of them had arms sticking out, some had legs, and some just their heads sticking out. They were unrecognizable because they were covered with dust, plaster, and blood. There were not enough of us to move the roof." Ellsworth volunteered to drive back to his farm and obtain the heavy rope from his slaughterhouse needed to pull the structure off the children's bodies.

On the way back to his farm, Ellsworth reported seeing Kehoe in his car heading in the opposite direction toward the school. "He grinned and waved his hand; when he grinned, I could see both rows of his teeth," said Ellsworth.

The scene at the school building was chaotic. One witness, Robert Gates, recounted how "mother after mother came running into the school yard, and demanded information about her child and, on seeing the lifeless form lying on the lawn, broke into sobs. In no time more than 100 men were at work tearing away the debris of the school, and nearly as many women were frantically pawing over the timber and broken bricks for traces of their children."

About a half hour after the explosion, Kehoe drove up to the school and saw Superintendent Huyck. Kehoe summoned the superintendent over to his vehicle. According to one eyewitness, when Huyck drew close, Kehoe pulled out his rifle and fired into the back seat. Whether by gunshot or otherwise, the dynamite in the vehicle ignited and the resulting explosion killed Kehoe, the superintendent, Postmaster Glenn O. Smith, and Smith's father-in-law Nelson McFarren, a retired farmer. Cleo Claton, an eight-year-old second grader, had wandered out of the collapsed school building and was killed by the shrapnel from the exploding vehicle. Several others were injured as the shrapnel flew through the crowd.

After Kehoe's car exploded, Ellsworth recounted that "I saw one mother, Mrs. Eugene Hart, sitting on the bank a short distance from the school with a little dead girl on each side of her and holding a little boy, Percy, who died a short time after they got him to the hospital. This was about the time Kehoe blew his car up in the street, severely wounding Perry, the oldest child of Mr. and Mrs. Hart."

O.H. Buck, foreman of the road crew, recalled the scene after the final explosion: "I began to feel as though the world was coming to an end. I guess I was a bit hazy. Anyway, the next thing I remember I was out on the street. One of our men was binding up the wounds of Glenn Smith, the postmaster. His leg had been blown off. I went back to the building and helped with the rescue work until we were ordered to stop while a search was made for dynamite."

Telephone operators stayed at their stations for hours to summon doctors, undertakers, area hospitals and anyone else who might help. The Lansing Fire Department sent three men and the city's chemical truck.

The local physician was Dr. J.A. Crum. He and his wife, a nurse, had both served in World War I, and they had returned to Bath to open a pharmacy. After the explosion the Crums turned their drugstore into a triage center. The dead were removed to the town hall, now converted into a morgue. Private citizens were enlisted to use their automobiles as additional ambulances to take survivors and family members to area hospitals. By the afternoon some 13 ambulances were at the township hall to transport the dead to undertakers.

Hundreds of people worked in the wreckage all day in an effort to find and rescue the children pinned underneath. Area contractors had sent all their men to assist, and many ordinary people came to the scene in response to the pleas for help. Eventually, 34 firefighters and the Chief of the Lansing Fire Department arrived on the scene, as did several Michigan State Police officers, who managed traffic to and from the scene.

The injured and dying were transported to Sparrow Hospital and St. Lawrence Hospital in Lansing. The construction of the latter facility had been financed in large part by Lawrence Price, Nellie Kehoe's uncle and formerly an executive in charge of Oldsmobile's Lansing Car Assembly.

Michigan Governor Fred Green arrived during the afternoon of the disaster and assisted in the relief work, carting bricks away from the scene. The Lawrence Baking Company of Lansing sent a truck filled with pies and sandwiches, which were served to rescuers in the township's community hall.

The bombing had destroyed the north wing of the school. During the search rescuers found an additional 500 pounds (230 kg) of dynamite Kehoe had placed in the south wing, which had failed to detonate. The search was halted to allow the Michigan State Police to disarm the devices. After this was completed and a sweep of the building made, the recovery efforts recommenced.

In the south wing, the State Police found unexploded materials along with an alarm clock timed to go off at 9:45 a.m., the same time as the explosion went off in the north wing. The reason why these explosives failed to detonate could never be conclusively determined. Investigators speculated that the initial explosion may have caused a short circuit in the second set of bombs.

Police and fire officials also gathered at the Kehoe farm to investigate the fires. It was not until the following day, May 19, that investigators identified Nellie Kehoe's charred body among the ruins of the farm. The body was so disfigured it went unnoticed by hundreds who walked past it the previous day.

All the Kehoe farm buildings were destroyed, and the animals trapped inside the barn had perished. Ironically, the amount of unused equipment and materials on the farm could have easily paid off the Kehoes' mortgage. Investigators found a wooden sign wired to the farm's fence with Kehoe's last message, "CRIMINALS ARE MADE, NOT BORN," written on it.

Aftermath

The American Red Cross, setting up operations at the Crum drugstore, took the lead in providing aid and comfort to the victims. The Lansing Red Cross headquarters were kept open until 11:30 that night to answer telephone calls, update the list of dead and injured and provide information and planning services for the following day.

The Red Cross also managed donations sent to pay for both the medical expenses of the survivors and the burial costs of the deceased. In a few short weeks, $5,284.15 was raised through donations, including $2,500 from the Clinton County board of supervisors and $2,000 from the Michigan legislature. Unlike the Columbine High School massacre, there was no legislative response, either by the state or federal governments, aimed at preventing a recurrence, although pyrotol was quietly taken off the market.

Over the next few days there were multiple funerals, with the most, eighteen, held on Saturday, May 22. The disaster had made the front pages of national newspapers until news of Charles Lindbergh's completion of the first solo transatlantic flight broke on May 23, 1927.

Vehicles from outlying areas and surrounding states descended upon Bath by the thousands. Over 100,000 vehicles passed through on Saturday alone, an enormous amount of traffic for the area. Some Bath citizens regarded this armada as an unwarranted intrusion into their time of grief, but most accepted it as a show of sympathy and support from surrounding communities. The Ku Klux Klan interjected that the Roman Catholic Kehoe's actions were the result of his adherence to the stance of the Roman Catholic Church against "Protestant or godless schools".

Coroner's inquest

The coroner arrived at the scene on the day of disaster and swore in six community leaders to serve as an investigative jury. A coroner's inquest into the matter was held the following week. Dozens of Bath citizens and law enforcement personnel testified before the jury, and the Clinton County Prosecutor conducted the examination. Although there was never any doubt that Kehoe was the perpetrator, the jury was asked to determine if the school board or its employees were guilty of criminal negligence.

Kehoe's neighbor Sidney J. Howell testified that after the fire began, Kehoe warned him and three boys to leave the farm, telling them, "Boys, you're my friends. You'd better get out of here and go to the school house." Three telephone linemen working near Bath testified that after first going to the farm and then to the school, Kehoe passed them en route, and they saw him reach the school right before them. Kehoe's car swerved to the right and stopped in front of the building.

In the next instant, according to the linemen, the car blew up, and one of them was struck by shrapnel. This testimony contradicted statements from others that Kehoe paused after stopping and called Superintendent Huyck over before blowing up the vehicle.

After more than a week of testimony, the jury exonerated the school board and its employees. In its verdict the jury concluded that Kehoe "conducted himself sanely and so concealed his operations that there was no cause to suspicion any of his actions; and we further find that the school board, and Frank Smith, janitor of the school building, were not negligent in and about their duties, and were not guilty of any negligence in not discovering Kehoe's plan."

The inquest determined that Kehoe murdered Superintendent Emory Huyck on the morning of May 18. It was also the jury's verdict that the school was blown up as part of a plan and that Kehoe alone, without the aid of conspirators, murdered 43 people in total, including his wife Nellie. Suicide was adjudicated to be the cause of Andrew Kehoe's death.

Kehoe's body was eventually claimed by his sister. Without ceremony, he was buried in an unmarked grave in an initially unnamed cemetery. Later, it was revealed that Kehoe was buried in the paupers' section of Mt. Rest Cemetery, St. Johns, in Clinton County. Nellie Kehoe was buried in Mount Hope Cemetery in Lansing by her family under her maiden name of Price.

On August 22, some three months after the bombing, fourth-grader Beatrice Gibbs died following hip surgery. She was counted as the 45th and final death directly attributable to the Bath School disaster.

Rebuilding

Governor Fred Green created the Bath Relief Fund with the money supplied by donors and the state and local governments. Numerous people from around the country donated to the fund. The school board began a separate fund for the repair of the school building.

School resumed on September 5, 1927, and, for the 1927–28 school year, was held in the community hall, township hall, and two retail buildings. Most of the students returned. The board appointed O. M. Brant of Luther, Michigan, to succeed Huyck as superintendent. Lansing architect Warren Holmes donated construction plans, and the school board approved the contracts for the new building on September 14. On September 15, Michigan's United States Senator James Couzens presented his personal check for $75,000 to the Bath construction fund to build the new school.

In 1928, artist Carlton W. Angell presented the board with a statue titled "Girl With a Kitten." The statue is presently in the Bath School Museum located within the school district's middle school, adjacent to the site of the destroyed building. Angell's inscription states that it is dedicated to the courage and determination of the people of Bath. The sculpture was financed by penny donations from young students from the state of Michigan. It was rumored that the donated pennies were melted down to make the cast of the statue.

The board demolished the damaged portion of the school and constructed a new wing with the donated funds. The "James Couzens Agricultural School" was dedicated on August 18, 1928. In 1975 the Couzens building was demolished and a small park dedicated to the victims replaced it. At the center of the park is the cupola of the building, the only part preserved. At the park entrance, a bronze plaque affixed to a white boulder bears the names of the adults and children killed.

References

Ellsworth, M.J. (1928). The Bath School Disaster. LC Control Number: 29010236.

Gado, Mark (2005). Crime Library: Hell Comes to Bath.

Parker, Grant (1992). Mayday, History of a Village Holocaust. ISBN 0960495800.

Pawlak, Debra (2000). Mediadrome: Just Another Summer Day.

Wilkins, Gene H. (2002). The Bath School Disaster, May 18, 1927. ASIN B0006RW8CU.

Chronology of deaths in the disaster

Died before the bombings

1. Nellie Kehoe, age 52, wife of Andrew Kehoe.

Killed in the school bombing

2. Arnold V. Bauerle, age 8, third grade student.
3. Henry Bergan, age 14, sixth grade student.
4. Herman Bergan age 11, fourth grade student.
5. Emilie M. Bromundt, age 11, fifth grade student.
6. Robert F. Bromundt, age 12, fifth grade student.
7. Floyd E. Burnett, age 12, sixth grade student.
8. Russell J. Chapman, age 8, fourth grade student.
9. F. Robert Cochran, age 8, third grade student.
10. Ralph A. Cushman, age 7, third grade student.
11. Earl E. Ewing, age 11, sixth grade student.
12. Katherine O. Foote, age 10, sixth grade student.
13. Margory Fritz, age 9, fourth grade student.
14. Carlyle W. Geisenhaver, age 9, fourth grade student.
15. George P. Hall Jr., age 8, third grade student.
16. Willa M. Hall, age 11, fifth grade student.
17. Iola I. Hart, age 12, sixth grade student.
18. Percy E. Hart, age 11, third grade student.
19. Vivian O. Hart, age 8, third grade student.
20. Blanche E. Harte, age 30, fifth grade teacher.
21. Gailand L. Harte, age 12, sixth grade student.
22. LaVere R. Harte, age 9, fourth grade student.
23. Stanley H. Harte, age 12, sixth grade student.
24. Francis O. Hoeppner, age 13, sixth grade student.
25. Cecial L. Hunter, age 13, sixth grade student.
26. Doris E. Johns, age 8, third grade student.
27. Thelma I. MacDonald, age 8, third grade student.
28. Clarence W. McFarren, age 13, sixth grade student.
29. J. Emerson Medcoff, age 8, fourth grade student.
30. Emma A. Nickols, age 13, sixth grade student.
31. Richard D. Richardson, age 12, sixth grade student.
32. Elsie M. Robb, age 12, sixth grade student.
33. Pauline M. Shirts, age 10, fifth grade student.
34. Hazel I. Weatherby, age 21, teacher.
35. Elizabeth J. Witchell, age 10, fifth grade student.
36. Lucile J. Witchell, age 9, fifth grade student.
37. Harold L. Woodman, age 8, third grade student.
38. George O. Zimmerman, age 10, third grade student.
39. Lloyd Zimmerman, age 12, fifth grade student.

Killed by explosion of Kehoe's car

40. G. Cleo Claton, age 8, second grade student.
41. Emory E. Huyck, age 33, superintendent.
42. Andrew P. Kehoe, age 55, Bath School Board/perpetrator.
43. Nelson McFarren, age 74, retired farmer.
44. Glenn O. Smith, age 33, Postmaster.

Died later due to injuries from bombing

45. Beatrice P. Gibbs, age 10, fourth grade student.





Bath Consolidated School before the disaster.



Bath Consolidated School after the bombing.



Andrew P. Kehoe



Andrew P. Kehoe and wife



Five hundred and four pounds of unexploded pyrotol that was taken out of the basement of the unwrecked portion of the school by two state troopers, Lieutenant McNaughton, and Halderman, Lieutenant Lyle W. Morse, assistant chief of the secret service department of public safety, and Paul Lefke, assistant chief of the Lansing Fire Department. This dynamite was divided up into eight different charges in different sections of the basement.



These are the eight caps that were supposed to set off the five hundred and four pounds of explosives that are
shown on another page. If this had worked, as planned, there wouldn't have been much left of Bath.



This is a portion of the alarm clock and wiring that was found in the school. The glass container
with the spark plug arrangement was taken out of the chicken coop on the Kehoe farm.



A close-up of the arrangement Kehoe had in his chicken coop. The bottle was filled with gasoline and turned up in the can. A buzzer was arranged with a spark plug and wire running to the house where he must have had a battery. He must have used this kind of an arrangement in all his other buildings as there were wires running from the house to all of them; practically all of the buildings started at the same time.



The nurses giving first aid to the injured on the school ground.



Andrew and Nellie Kahoe's house before the disaster.
This was Kehoe's home before it was destroyed by him. This house was finished in oak throughout and was
equipped with a furnace; lighting plant, and pressure tanks that furnished hard and soft water on all three floors.



The remains of Kahoe's house after the explosion.





Rear view of the school building after the explosion.




As the school was when the rescuers got through getting the bodies out.




All that was left of Kehoe's car after it blew up in the street, killing himself, the superintendent, Mr. Huyck, Glenn O. Smith, Nelson McFarren, and a little boy, Cleo Claton, and injuring several others. It damaged much property. There is a house on the corner of the school and not far from where Kehoe's car set that was nearly ruined by burrs, bolts, and scrap iron being driven through it. There was considerably damaged done to the nearby houses and it took over a thousand dollars to replace the windows that were broken by the two explosions.
 

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What was left of Eddy Drumheller's car that was parked near Kehoe's.



A car that stood some distance from Kehoe's.



The location of Nellie Kehoe's body was found.
Where Mrs. Kehoe's charred body was found the morning following the catastrophe. Thousands of people
passed by it on the previous day, but not thinking of finding her in any such place, lay there unnoticed.



Kehoe's last message wrapped inside one of the farm's fences.



The ruined farm implements that were left where the tool shed once stood.
Kehoe had implements and tools enough, if sold, to pay off the mortgage he had on the farm.



Rescuers still at work in the wreckage.



Showing the rear of the school.



Clean-up crew at the ruins of Bath Consolidated School.



Plaque at the entrance of Bath School Memorial Park.
 

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Victims



GLENN O. SMITH,
Bath postmaster,
dead

Glenn O. Smith was born in Bath township, May 18, 1894. He began his education in Bath school district number nine and later graduated from Bath High School. He went to Michigan State College for one year and he also went one year to the Ferris Institute. After finishing school, he worked in Detroit and Chicago.
He then returned to Bath and married Miss Ester McFarren. One child was born to them, Betty Marie, born February 27, 1921, and died December 28, 1924. This was a terrible shock to both of them.
They worked her father's farm in Bath township until 1920 when he was appointed postmaster.
Glenn was well liked and noted for his honesty. Because of his courage, he often put himself in danger to help other people. He worked faithfully in the wreckage trying to get children out until he became faint and realized that he would have to get some fresh air. He went out to the sidewalk and he was with his father-in-law, Nelson McFarren, and Mr. Huyck, the superintendent, when Kehoe blew his car up in the street.
Glenn's right leg was blown nearly off at the thigh and his left leg had a terrible cut above the ankle. He was still conscious when help reached him. As the men bound his leg with a belt furnished by some one in the crowd, he nformed them when it was tight enough. He must have been hurt internally. The ambulances began to arrive about that time and they rushed him to the hospital. He commenced sinking and he died about the time they reached the hospital.
He leaves besides his many friends a heart-broken wife, two brothers and two sisters. Interment was in Bath cemetery.


NELSON McFARREN,
dead,
with his little granddaughter, Betty Smith

Nelson McFarren was killed with Glenn O. Smith, postmaster, and E. E. Huyck, the superintendent, when Kehoe called them to his car and blew it up.
Mr. McFarren was born in Washtenaw county, Michigan, May 25, 1852. He came to Bath with his father, John McFarren, at the age of fifteen and assisted his father in clearing up a homestead. On attaining his majority, however, he left home and started out in life for himself soon afterwards purchasing forty acres. After clearing and building, he purchased a second forty acres which he logged off and soon had under cultivation, one of the best farms in Bath township.
In March, 1883, occurred the marriage of Nelson McFarren and Miss Ada Saxton, a native of Oakland county, Michigan, and a daughter of J. B. Saxton, who was born in New York and came to this state at an early age, establishing his home in Clinton county.
In the family of Mr. and Mrs. McFarren there were born three children, Floyd who died in young manhood and Harry who has been a rural mail carrier out of Bath for thirteen years, except during the World War. He came back without getting wounded, except for being gassed. His daughter, Esther, was the wife of Glenn O. Smith.
Mr. McFarren retired from the farm and moved into Bath village about 1920 where he had resided until he was killed by Kehoe.
He leaves besides the two children, his wife, Mrs. Ada McFarren, and many friends. Burial was in Bath.


SUPERINTENDENT EMORY E. HUYCK,
dead

Emory E. Huyck, born in Butternut, Michigan, July 3, 1894, graduated from Carson City High School and went some to the Ferris Institute. After spending some time in the army during the World War, he entered the Michigan State College at East Lansing, January, 1919, taking Bachelor's degree and agriculture. Mr. Huyck graduated on June 21, 1922, taking a position as superintendent of the Bath Consolidated School the same summer. He held the job until he was killed, May 18, 1927, by Andrew Kehoe.

BLANCHE ELIZABETH HARTE,
dead


Blanche Elizabeth, the youngest daughter of Martin and Annadella Beuhler, was born February 24, 1897, in Victor township. She graduated from the tenth grade at Dewitt. Later she graduated from the Lansing High School. The following year she graduated from the Clinton County Normal.
June 4, 1919, she was united in marriage to Roscoe Harte of Bath. The first year of their married life was spent on his father's farm, later moving to their own farm west of Bath. A year ago they moved to their present home in Bath.
She was a conscientious worker in school, church and social activities, and for the past eleven years was a teacher in the rural schools of Clinton County.
She was severely injured in the terrible explosion of the Bath school. She passed away at the Sparrow hospital, May 19, 1927.
Besides her husband, she leaves her father and mother, one sister, Mrs. Stella Schoals, numerous relatives and a host of dear friends.
The funeral was held at her late home in Bath. Reverend Coleman of Dewitt officiated and Mrs. Mabel Hunter sang. Many people followed her remains to its final resting place, the Wilsey cemetery. Six old classmates acted as pall bearers.
MISS HAZEL IVA WEATHERBY,
dead


Hazel Iva Weatherby, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Weatherby, was born September 20, 1906, met with tragic death, May 18, 1927, while on duty as teacher at Bath.
Hazel finished the grades at Weatherby school at an early date, and graduated with the class of 1924, at Lakeview High School. Her course in higher education was taken at Mt. Pleasant, receiving her life certificate in 1926.
In the fall following her graduation, she accepted a position to teach the third and fourth grades in Bath consolidated school, at which post of duty she met with her tragic death, May 18, 1927, lacking just one day of having completed a very successful year of teaching and had already signed a contract to fill the same position another year.
Hazel's one joy when not on duty was to be at home. Her thoughts were like this: It matters little, mother, where I am, or what the tasks my fingers find to do; new friends, new scenes, new thoughts though I may know, my heart turns, always, mother mine, to you.
When she was found in the wreckage, there was a child in each arm. She was taken to Howard City, the home of her parents.
Sunday, May 22, one hundred and fifty cars followed the sad cortege from the home to Amble church and cemetery, where interment was made on the family lot. The most beautiful blossoms of springtime were heaped upon her casket and covered the rooms at her home and at the church, sent by sympathetic friends from all points of the compass.
Reverend Lewis E. Price preached the funeral sermon and paid high tribute to the splendid young woman who had laid down her life clutching the children she loved so well, trying to protect them from harm.
Undertaker Bert E. Meier had charge of the arrangements. The Amble choir provided the funeral music.
HENRY and HERMAN BERGAN,
dead


Henry Bergan was born in Livingston county near Howell, Michigan. He was fourteen years old and in the sixth grade. He was a born horticulturist and he had a nice garden every year. It was hard for his father to get him to do other farm work. Henry thought a great deal of his school.
Herman Bergan, eleven years old, was in the fourth grade.
He worked with his brother in the garden, but was more his mother's boy, seeing that she always had wood and water in the house. When she fed the chickens he was always on hand so that she would not have to climb up in the corn crib. He told her that he was younger and could do it easier.
These boys left their broken-hearted father and mother, and one older brother. They are buried at Okemos, Michigan.
ARNOLD VICTOR BAUERLE,
dead


Arnold Victor Bauerle, born in Dewitt township, February 15, 1919, was in the third grade. Even at that age he had a great head for figures. He asked to be given numbers which often ran into the millions.
His father often told him he would never be a farmer because he ate so slow.
He was always busy at something. If not in school, he was playing baseball.
Arnold wanted to go to Lansing with his parents on the day he was killed, but he had had whooping cough and had been out of school so much that they thought he ought not stay out of school any more. They were in Lansing at the time of the blast at the school.
He is survived by his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Bauerle, one brother and one sister. Interment was in the Dewitt cemetery.
FLOYD EDWIN BURNETT,
dead

Floyd Edwin Burnett, aged eleven, was born on the Anna Hall farm, July 11, 1915.
He was in the sixth grade and his standings were always good. He was a great boy for baseball and it was said that he was one of the best players of his age in the school.
Floyd was a good boy to work at home. He already helped with the milking and other chores. Floyd is survived by his father, Mr. George Burnett, five sisters and three brothers.
He is buried in the Bath cemetery beside his mother, who died several years ago.
ROBERT BROMUND,
dead

Robert Bromund, born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, was twelve years old.
He was in the fifth grade. Robert did not want to go to school. He would rather have quit this spring and worked on the farm.
AMELIA BROMUND,
dead


Amelia Bromund, born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, was eleven years old.
She learned very rapidly and liked to go to school. She was in the fifth grade. Amelia thought lots of her teacher, Mrs. Blanche Harte. These children are survived by their father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Rudolph Bromund, two brothers and two sisters. Burial was in Bath.
RUSSELL CHAPMAN,
dead


Russell Chapman was born October 1, 1918, in Delta township, Eaton county, Michigan.
At the time of his death he was in the fourth grade. He liked the Bath school and was a great lover of the farm. He already could harness the horses and he liked to drag for his father.
He was a very mischievous lad and always seemed to have a good time with everybody. Burial was in the Bath cemetery.
He is survived by his father and mother Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Chapman, and a younger brother, Earl W., who was in the school at the time, had his back hurt and one ankle crushed. Earl was in the hospital a short time. He is now home getting along very well, but he still walks on the side of his foot.
CLEO CLATON, dead This picture was taken when Cleo was about two years old
Cleo Claton, an eight year old in the second grade, lived with his grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Gibbs, near Park lake. His mother died when he was about one year old.
Cleo was not hurt in the school blast, but was killed when Kehoe blew his car up in the street. A large bolt ripped his stomach open and his back and spine were hurt. He was conscious until the very end and lived about seven hours.
Burial was at Dimondale, Michigan.
THELMA IRENE McDONALD,
dead


Thelma Irene McDonald, daughter of Reverend and Mrs. Scott McDonald, was born at Rogers City, August 22, 1919.
She started school at the age of five and was in the third grade. She liked school, and often cried to go when only three years old. Thelma told her father and mother many times that when she grew up she was going to be a teacher.
Besides her father and mother she leaves two younger sisters.
She is buried in Pope cemetery at Springport, Michigan.
ROBERT COCHRAN
dead


Robert Cochran was born in Muskegon, Michigan, December 24, 1918. He was in the third grade. Bobby talked a great deal of being a doctor or a garage man, but his mother thinks he thought more of becoming a singer or a musician.
Being the only child, he leaves his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Cochran, to mourn his death. Mr. Cochran was formerly in the garage business in Bath and after this tragedy, he sold out to his partner, Mr. Claude Porter, who still continues the business. Mr. and Mrs. Cochran have moved to Grand Rapids in order that they might get away from the scene of the terrible disaster.
Robert is buried in the Otisco cemetery, Belding, Michigan.
RALPH ALBERT CUSHMAN
dead


Ralph Albert Cushman was seven years old. He was in the third grade. Ralph was very good in school except in numbers. He wanted to stay in the second grade last year because one of his friends did not pass.
He loved to play baseball and was at it morning and night. He played that morning before going to school. The last thing he said was, "Goodbye mama, I'll be good." He was one of the last found in the ruins. He leaves to mourn him, his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Albert Cushman, and one sister, Josephine. Interment was in Bath cemetery.
EARL EDWIN EWING,
dead

Earl Edwin Ewing, eleven years old, was born in Climax, Michigan, where his father was a storekeeper at the time, later selling out and moving to Ovid, where Earl started school and went for one year. Then his parents moved to Bath where Earl went to school. He was in the sixth grade at the time of his death. He was always a good boy to work.
KATHERINE ONALEE FOOTE,
dead
and her sister, Joyce

Katherine Onalee Foote was born May 29, 1917, planned on going through school and becoming a teacher. If her plans had not been brought to an abrupt end by this terrible disaster, she would likely, have been through school very young, as she was in the sixth grade at the age of ten.
Interment was in Bath.
MARGORY FRITZ,
dead

Margory Fritz was born in the south edge of Clinton county in 1918. She attended the County Line School until 1926 and at that time her people came to Bath and bought a farm so that they could have better school conditions for their children. Margory was in the fourth grade and her teacher, Miss Weatherby, was killed at the same time.
CARLYLE WALTER GEISENHAVER
dead


Carlyle Walter Geisenhaver was born December 28, 1917.
He was in the fourth grade. Carlyle was very good in school and his report card always had high marks on it.
His idea was to become a farmer. He dragged for his father and milked one cow and weighed the milk night and morning. Carlyle planned on having a nice garden this summer. He had already purchased his seed. He planned on going fishing this summer if he kept the weeds out of his garden. Carlyle always planned to have his work done first.
He is survived by his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Walter Geisenhaver, one brother, Kenneth, who was slightly bruised on the head, and one brother, Jack, five months old.
He was laid to rest beside his infant twin sisters, Doris and Dorothy, in the Gunnisonville cemetery.
 

b2ux

Banned


BEATRICE GIBBS
dead


Beatrice Gibbs was born near Holt in Ingham county, May 17, 1917. She was in the fourth grade.
She lay at the point of death for four days. The fifth day X-ray pictures were taken. Both legs were broken in two places, the right leg was badly lacerated, the left arm was broken above the elbow, and the elbow was fractured. There was also a large gash in the back of her head. Casts could not be used on account of so many lacerations, so a frame was arranged over her bed by the physician as shown in the picture. Ropes and weights were used. At first they used thirty-five pounds of lead. As she improved the weights were lessened until she finally only had five pounds. When she came to after the explosion, she says there was a radiator hanging right over her but when Kehoe blew himself up in the street the radiator disappeared. She was ten feet in the debris.
After three months of intense suffering, Beatrice died in the St Lawrence hospital Monday night, August 22, following an operation for the removal of a splinter from her hip. This makes the forty-fifth victim of the Bath school tragedy.
She is survived by her mother and father, Mr. and Mrs. John F. Gibbs, and a little brother who live near Park lake.
Interment was at Chesaning, Michigan.
IOLA IRENE HART,
dead


Iola Irene Hart, born June 19, 1914, was in the sixth grade. Her plans for the future was to become a nurse or music teacher. She was a fine pianist for a girl of her age. One time while making her childish plans, she said, "Mama, when I get my diploma, I'm going to pick beans." Iola was very affectionate and always kissed her mother good-bye. On her last morning when she kissed her mother she said, "Now, mama, don't worry if I don't come home at noon," and her mother said, "Why do you say that?" She said, "You know I have got to write tests this morning and I might faint away." She then went and picked a bouquet of lilacs and went on to school.
Interment was in the Rose cemetery, East Bath.
Iola is survived by her father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Hart, a sister, Elva, and a brother, Perry.
WILLA MARIE and GEORGE HALL
dead


Willa Marie Hall was born February 19, 1916. She was a very industrious little girl and planned on going through school so as to become a teacher.
George Hall, Jr., was born October 17, 1918. He was very mischievous and never cared much about going to school. He liked excuses so he could stay out and play.
These children are survived by their father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. George Hall, and one younger brother.
They were laid to rest side by side in the Mt. Hope cemetery at Lansing, Michigan.
VIVIAN OLETTA HART,
dead


Vivian Oletta Hart, born November 2, 1917, was in the third grade.
She liked to sew and made all her doll clothes. Vivian played the piano well but had planned on being a singer, as she said that playing the piano was too hard work.
She is buried in Rose cemetery in East Bath.
She is survived by her father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Hart, a sister, Elva, and a brother, Perry.
PERCY EUGENE HART
dead


Percy Eugene Hart, born February 24, 1916, was in the third grade. He was quite a little farmer and had a garden. Percy always liked to be around the horses. His people lived in Bath and he remarked several times that he was going to go out and work his father's farm.
Interment was in Rose cemetery in East Bath.
Percy is survived by his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Hart, a sister, Elva, and a brother, Perry.
LAVERE ROBERT HARTE
dead


LaVere Robert Harte, born in Bath township, August 26, 1917, was in the fourth grade.
He liked to do most anything, but drawing was his main pastime. This spring he drew pictures and traded them to other children for marbles and playthings. He planned on drawing funnies or something when he grew up. He was always ready and looking forward to Sunday school.
He left besides his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. LaVere Harte, one little brother, Neal.
Interment was at Bath.
GAILAND LYLE HARTE,
dead


Gailand Lyle Harte, age twelve, was in the sixth grade.
He was very interested in farming and helped his father much by running the tractor and by helping milk the cows. He liked sheep and enjoyed looking after the little lambs. He liked to do things that called for the use of horses. Gailand was mechanically inclined and drove the car when his people were with him.
Burial was in the Bath cemetery.
Besides his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Octa Harte, he is survived by one brother, Gareth, who was in the school but jumped out of the window and ran home, a distance of about two miles, and one sister, about a year and a half old.
STANLEY HORACE HARTE
dead


Stanley Horace Harte, age twelve years, was in the sixth grade. He was quiet and kept his own counsel. He was small for his age but could keep his end up in games and sports with children much larger than he.
He leaves besides his mother, Mrs. Maude Harte, three brothers and four sisters. He is buried in Bath beside his father, Horace Harte, who died when Stanley, was about five.
FRANCIS OTTO HOPPENER,
dead


Francis Otto Hoppener, thirteen years of age, was born in Okemos, Ingham county. He was in the sixth grade.
He was a great boy for machinery and seemed like a natural born mechanic. He could fix nearly any of the tools that went wrong on the farm.
Besides his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Otto Hoppener, he leaves a brother and a sister at home.
Interment was at Okemos, Michigan.
CECIAL LORN HUNTER,
dead


Cecial Lorn Hunter was born in Dolphen, Manitoba, Canada, December 16, 1913. He was in the sixth grade.
Cecial was a great hand for horses and had planned to work out this summer so he would have money to buy lots of good clothes for this winter.
He is survived by his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. George Hunter, two sisters and one brother.
Interment was at Laingsburg, Michigan.
DORIS ELAINE JOHNS,
dead


Doris Elaine Johns was born in Bath, October 17, 1919.
She was in the third grade. Doris liked school and always got good marks. She was a very quiet, well-liked, little girl. Doris was planning to take lessons on the violin at the time of her death.
Her people live about one block from the schoolhouse and when her mother got there she found Doris hanging up by the legs and had a man get her down. She must have been killed instantly.
Burial was at Bath. Besides her father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Ira Johns, she leaves two small brothers, a sister, Pauline, and another who is younger.
J. EMERSON MEDCOFF,
dead


J. Emerson Medcoff was born, December 30, 1917, in Lansing, Michigan. His people moved to Bath about 1920.
He was in the fourth grade and was one of the youngest in his grade. Being very active in school he was advanced from kindergarten to the second grade.
He was fond of baseball and all outdoor sports. He spent much time trying to make something that he could get music from. He planned on being a musician or architect.
J. Emerson is buried in the Bath Cemetery.
CLARENCE WENDELL McFARREN,
dead


Clarence Wendell McFarren, born in Bath township December 15, 1913, was in the sixth grade.
He was a natural born mechanic and loved nature. He had to stay home from school a short tune before his death with a bad cold. While he had to stay in the house, he built what he called his tractor out of some spools and old clock springs. He had it arranged so that it would run on the floor.
Clarence is buried in the family lot at Laingsburg, Michigan.
Besides his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Wendell McFarren, he is survived by a brother, Arthur, who was in the school at the time but escaped by being only badly shaken up, and one sister, Cassie, age seventeen. She graduated this year, but was not in the school at the time of the disaster.
Left to right, RUTH and OTTELIA NICKOLS
EMMA AMELIA NICKOLS
dead


Emma Amelia Nickols, age thirteen, was in the sixth grade, Emma was killed.
Her sister, Ottelia, was eleven years old.
Ottelia had her face badly cut and burned and her thumb nearly cut off.
Another sister, Ruth, was eight years old.
Ruth had a badly fractured hip and she is just commencing to get around on it at this time.
Emma leaves besides her father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Nickols, these two injured sisters, another sister, and two brothers.
Interment was at Bath.
ELSIE MILDRED ROBB,
dead


Elsie Mildred Robb was born in Kinmundy, Illinois, Decemnber 20, 1914.
She was in the sixth grade. Elsie always planned on going to college to prepare herself for a teacher. She had often spoken how she liked the Bath school and her teacher, Mrs. Harte. She attended Sunday School in Dewitt.
Elsie is survived by her father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Robb, four sisters and one brother.
She is buried in the Dewitt cemetery.
RICHARD DIBBLE RICHARDSON,
dead


Richard Dibble Richardson was born October 11, 1914, in Dewitt township, where his people still live, but they are in the Bath school district. He was in the sixth grade.
Richard was a great boy for machinery and knew how to put tools together on the farm. He could run the tractor. His father had given him an acre of ground to put into beans this year.
A year ago he took all of his money out of the bank which amounted to about thirty-two dollars, and bought a Holstein calf from his father. He just completed arrangements for selling the heifer back to his father for one hundred dollars. He was very conservative and was planning how he would invest his money.
A girl in his room said that a radiator fell on him. His skull was crushed and he was killed instantly. He is survived by his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Guy Richardson, and two sisters, Virginia and Martha. Interment was in Bath cemetery.
(Left to right, front row) VIRGINIA and MARTHA RICHARDSON, (Back row) RICHARD and their mother, MRS. GUY RICHARDSON

Virginia Blanche Richardson was eleven years old and in the fifth grade. She was in the school at the time and fell from the second floor. When asked about the tragedy, she says everything went into the air and she put her arms over her face. She looked for the door and not being able to find it, saw a light and went out through the wall which had been blown away.
Before the explosion she met her brother on the stairs as she was going up and they smiled at each other. That was the last time she saw him alive.
The other sister, Martha Harriette, a nine year old, was in the fourth grade. She thought she fell out of her seat. Martha tried to call to her teacher, Miss Weatherby, who was killed, but found she could not speak, finally, her speech came to her and she called to her daddy.
Three stitches were taken in her chin. Her instep on one foot was cut to the heel, the other leg was bruised and raked.
PAULINE MAE SHIRTS
dead


Pauline Mae Shirts was born in Midland county, May 19, 1916, where her father ran a filling station until March 10, 1927, when he moved on his farm in Bath township.
Pauline was a very friendly child and made friends with most everyone. Her ambition was to become a teacher. She was always playing school at home.
Burial was in the Bath cemetery.
ELIZABETH JANE WITCHELL,
dead


Elizabeth Jane Witchell, age ten, was born on the Enos Peacock farm east of Bath. She was in the fifth grade.
Her parents are Mr. and Mrs. Roscoe Witchell now of Lansing.
She is buried in the Rose cemetery in Bath township.
 

b2ux

Banned

LUCILLE JUNE WITCHELL,
dead


Lucile June Witchell, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Roy Witchell, was born in Ingham county, just south of the Mt. Hope cemetery, Lansing. She was nine years of age and in the fourth grade.
She was very brilliant in school and had no trouble in making her grades. She got A's on every report card. She learned music easily but never took to it. Lucile liked to go to school.
She is buried in the Rose cemetery in Bath township.
HAROLD LeMOYNE WOODMAN,
dead


Harold LeMoyne Woodman, born in East Lansing, July 3, 1918, was in the third grade. He was mechanically inclined.
His father was a mechanic at the state garage at Lansing. Mr. Woodman promised Harold that next year he would buy him an old car and let him take it apart and then he would show him how to put it back together again.
He leaves his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Harold Woodman, one brother, Wallace and one sister, about age three.
Burial was in the Bath cemetery.
GEORGE ORVAL and LLOYD ZIMMERMAN,
dead
VIDA MARIE ZIMMERMAN

Lloyd Zimmerman, age twelve years, was in the fifth grade and George Orval, ten years of age, was in the third grade.
These children were both born in Muskegon, Michigan. Their folks moved to Bath about a year ago.
Lloyd's desire was to become a floriculturist. He spent much time practicing on his violin.
Vida Marie Zimmerman, who is shown in the picture, was a scholar of the Bath school, but was at home sick the day of the explosion.
Lloyd and Orval are buried at Mt. Rest cemetery at St. Johns, Michigan.


 
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