Krabi is a southern province on Thailand’s Andaman seaboard with perhaps the country’s oldest history of continued settlement. According to archaeological evidence, the area that is now called Krabi province had been a community since prehistoric period, yet there was no documentary evidence about this. After dating archaeological discoveries such as stone tools, ancient colored pictures, heads, pottery and skeletal remains found in the province’s many cliffs and caves, it is thought that Krabi has been home to Homo Sapiens since the period 25,000-35,000 B.C. In recorded times it was called Ban Thai Samor, used a monkey as the town symbol and was one of twelve Thai royal cities.
The first recorded history dates 1,200 A.D. when Krabi, or Ban Thai Samor, was tributary to the Kingdom of Ligor, a city on the Kra Peninsula’s east coast better known today as Nakhon Si Thammarat. At the start of the Rattanakosin period, about 200 years ago, when the Thai capital was finally settled at Bangkok, elephants roamed wild in the Krabi area and an elephant kraal was established in Krabi by order of Jao Phraya Nakorn (Noi), the Rajah and Governor of Nakhon Si Thammarat, which was by then a part of the Thai Kingdom. He sent his vizier, the Phra Palad, to oversee his task which was to ensure a regular supply of elephants for the larger town. So many emigrated in the steps of the Phra Palad and settled down here that soon Krabi had a large community divided in three different boroughs: Pakasai, Klong Pon and Pak Lao.
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